Liver Transplant India, Liver Transplant Cost in India, Liver Transplant Surgery Specialist in India – Dr. A. S. Soin

Liver Transplant

Dr. A. S. SOIN

All About Liver Transplant and Surgery

A few facts about liver transplantation

Who needs a Liver Transplant?

According to international guidelines, any patient suffering from liver cirrhosis who is assessed to have a life expectancy of less than a year should be considered for a transplant. Severity of liver disease is graded from A to C. Usually all Grade C and most grade B patients are candidates for transplant. Any patient with any of the liver failure symptoms listed below should seek specialist opinion so that liver experts can assess whether a transplant or drug treatment is more suitable for them. In any case, the better the condition of the patient at the time of transplant, the better are the results of surgery. In patients who are critically ill in ICU, malnourished, have active infection, or other organ damage such as kidney impairment at the time of the operation, the results of transplantation are dismal. Therefore, timely transplant is of essence in obtaining good results. A timely transplant done on a patient who is in a reasonable condition, with a good donor liver has around 80% chance of success.

In most instances, the above causes initially result in Hepatitis which can usually be treated. However, if the offending factor is not removed or treated on time, cirrhosis develops and then it is usually too late to change the course of the disease.

Symptoms of liver failure due to cirrhosis

Pre-transplant evaluation (Liver Transplant Assessment)

Liver Transplant

In this a healthy liver is substituted for an unhealthy or failing one during liver transplant surgery, a potentially life-saving treatment. The list of patients waiting for replacement livers is long. Liver transplant recipients are extremely sick and have no alternative course of therapy available to them. They may be suffering from liver cancer, acute liver failure, or end-stage liver disease.

Dr. A.S. Soin, the best liver doctor in the field of liver transplant surgery, has more than 25 years of expertise. Dr. Soin is well known for his proficiency in handling complicated liver situations. He has a stellar reputation and a history of successfully completing procedures. His state-of-the-art methods combined with patient-centered care guarantee the best possible results for each patient. You can rely on Dr. Soin to provide you with compassionate care and unmatched liver transplant care under one roof.

Liver Transplant Surgery

A liver transplant is a form of surgery used to replace an ailing liver from one person’s body with a healthy one from another (the donor). You have the option of receiving a portion of a liver from a living donor or the entire liver from a donor who was just declared deceased. In the presence of adequate volume deseased liver can also be split to save the life of two recipients (usually one and adult and one child) split liver can regrow to its near normal size in both the recipients.

A healthy liver is essential to survival. A liver transplant surgery is a life saving procedure if the liver is failing or if you have unresectable liver cancer. Your liver can malfunction for a variety of reasons, including acute (short-term) liver disorders and toxic poisoning or chronic (over long term). There is a far greater need for liver transplants than there are available donor livers.

Some patients with liver cancer and those with liver damage whose condition cannot be treated with current therapies may benefit from liver transplantation.

Liver failure can occur suddenly or gradually. Acute liver failure is defined as liver failure that develops rapidly, usually within a few weeks. Acute liver failure is a rare illness that is typically brought on by side effects from specific drugs.

Liver transplant is the most promising treatment for the cure of end stage liver disease which can happen due to a variety of reasons.

Numerous illnesses can result in chronic liver failure. Liver scarring, often known as cirrhosis, is the most frequent reason for chronic liver failure. The liver malfunctions due to the replacement of normal liver tissue with scar tissue that results from cirrhosis. The most common cause of liver transplants is cirrhosis.

The following are major causes of cirrhosis that result in liver failure and liver transplantation:

  • Hepatitis C and B.
  • Alcoholic liver disease is a condition where drinking too much alcohol damages the liver.
  • Fat accumulates in the liver and damaged or inflamed liver cells in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
  • Liver-related genetic illnesses. These include Wilson’s disease, which results in an excessive accumulation of copper in the liver, and hemochromatosis, which causes an excessive accumulation of iron in the liver.
  • Illnesses that impact the bile ducts, which are tubes that remove bile from the liver. These consist of biliary atresia, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and primary biliary cirrhosis. The most frequent cause of liver transplantation in children is biliary atresia.
  • Certain malignancies that start in the liver may potentially be treated with a liver transplant.

Liver Transplant Criteria

Liver transplants are in great demand, thus not every candidate will be granted one. Those that do will need extensive surgery followed by convalescence. Dr. Soin and his team of medical professionals strive to make sure that their transplants are as effective as possible. For this reason, to be eligible for a liver transplant, you must fulfill some liver transplant criteria.

The following are the minimal prerequisites for liver transplant eligibility:

  • If you are exhibiting symptoms of primary liver cancer or liver failure.
  • That you are fit enough to undergo the procedure and heal well.
  • There is no reason to believe you may misuse drugs or alcohol in the future.

The process of figuring these things out is somewhat complicated. Your physical, mental, and any history of substance dependency will all be thoroughly assessed by Dr. Soin and his transplant team. You must take care of any compromising situations before treating others. After fulfilling the liver transplant criteria, your name will be added to the nationwide waiting list.

Liver Transplant Process

A large procedure like a liver transplant will take six to twelve hours to complete. During the liver transplant process, general anesthesia will keep you unconscious. Surgeons insert several tubes into your body during this type of treatment so that they may do certain tasks while you’re unconscious. After your operation, the tubes will stay in place for a couple of days. You will possess:

An IV (intravenous catheter) to provide medication and fluids in a vein in your hand or arm.

an IV is placed in a vein in your thigh or neck to collect blood samples and monitor your various physiological/metabolic parameters

A tube (endotracheal tube) connected to a mechanical ventilator is inserted via your mouth and into your windpipe. During operation, the ventilator will mechanically inflate your lungs to ensure that you continue to breathe, While the anaesthetist actively and closely observes you all throughout the various stages of surgery.

Abdomen-mounted tubes that remove fluid and blood from the area surrounding your liver.

To empty your stomach of secretions, a nasogastric tube is put through your nose and into your stomach. It will stay in place until your bowel movements become regular, which should take a few days.

A urinary drain catheter in your bladder.

To reach your liver, your surgeon will first create a single incision (reverse L or upper midline) on your belly. Your liver will be gently removed, and the blood vessels and bile ducts that were attached to it will be clamped. After that, surgeons will place the new liver and connect it to your bile ducts and blood vessels. An abdominal drain will be put to drain an excess fluid accumulating in your belly after surgery. You’ll be sent to intensive care after incision closure.

After Liver Transplant Surgery

Following the liver transplant, you should anticipate:

  • Perhaps spend a few days in the intensive care unit before being shifted to the ward. Nurses and doctors will keep an eye on your condition to look for any indications of problems. Also, they will regularly test the function of your liver to look for indications that your replacement liver is functioning.
  • Generally the stay in the hospital is for approx 7 to 14 days. 
  • As you heal at home, schedule regular checks. Your transplant team schedules regular check-ups for you. Blood tests may be performed on you many times a week initially, and then less frequently as time goes on.
  • For the remainder of your life, take medicine. Following your liver transplant, you will be prescribed many medicines. Many of these will require you to take them for the remainder of your life. Immunosuppressive medications help prevent the immune system from rejecting your newly acquired liver. Other medications assist in lowering the possibility of further issues following your transplant.
  • You should allow yourself at least six months for a complete liver transplant recovery. After surgery, you might be able to return to your regular activities or your job in a few months. Your level of illness before your liver transplant may have an impact on how long it takes you to heal.

Liver Transplant Recovery

You will see your healthcare team frequently while you continue the liver transplant recovery at home. They will still do routine blood work to monitor the health of your replacement liver. After a few weeks, your incision stitches could be taken out. Following surgery, you will be put on several drugs, some of which you may need to take for the rest of your life.

For a smooth liver transplant recovery, Dr. Soin’s medical team will instruct you in:

  • How to take care of your incision sites.
  • How to administer your prescription drugs.
  • How to take your own pulse and blood pressure.
  • How to spot infection symptoms.
  • How to spot the symptoms of organ refusal.
  • When getting in touch with them is crucial.

Liver Transplant Facts

  • India is one of the top nations in the area for liver transplant procedures, doing more than 2,000 liver transplants a year.
  • Depending on the availability of organs and the patient’s health, the typical wait period in India for a liver transplant might be anywhere from a few months to more than a year.
  • In India, living donor liver transplants are becoming more and more prevalent, providing hope to end-stage liver disease patients who would not have access to deceased donors’ organs.
  • Techniques for liver transplant surgery and post-operative care have advanced significantly in Indian medical centers and hospitals, improving transplant patient outcomes and survival rates.
  • In India, there is a severe lack of organ donors despite advancements, making it difficult to supply requests for liver transplants and creating lengthy waiting lists for those in need of them.

Take advantage of the experience of the renowned liver transplant surgeon Dr. A.S. Soin. Over 5000 liver transplants with remarkable success rates have been carried out by Dr. Soin, who prioritizes accuracy and patient comfort. He stands out as the best liver doctor for anyone looking for high-quality treatment for liver disorders because of his commitment to developing surgical procedures and providing individualized care. For thorough and considerate liver treatment, one can rest assured and put his faith in Dr. Soin.